The Review of International Affairs (RIA) Journal Archive
The Review of International Affairs (RIA) Vol. 68 No. 1166-1167/2017
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):5-20
Merchandise export from the EU and the USA in the last ten years was showing significant changes, which were particularly expressed during the World economic crisis. After its ending, yearly fluctuations of this economic magnitude are gradually returning to the precrisis levels. These reductions of merchandise export contributed to the fall of the total production in all observed countries. Measures of macroeconomic policy which were implemented in order to stop that fall of production and employment did give certain positive results in the observed period. However, long-term consequences of the World economic crisis are still present, particularly in the structure of merchandise export. Markedly negative influence is achieved in the sector of manufacturing production in the USA, whose part in merchandise export is significantly decreased. Employment in this sector of the economy was during a period of the World economic crisis also marked with bigger changes in the USA than in the EU. An additional indicator of the influence of this economic crisis is a fact that until the end of 2016 the levels of employment in the sector of manufacturing production have not still achieved the precrisis levels, neither in the EU nor in the USA. Such tendencies in movements of export and employment in this sector of the economy can negatively influence on the stability of economic system and export competitiveness of each of the observed economies.
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):21-48
The author investigates the role of growth factors in the Serbian economy and the latter’s catch-up possibilities with the European Union by the example of Austria. On the basis of a general endogenous model, he first analyzes the main regularities of economic growth in Serbia over more than a half century (1960– 2013). Then, he turns his attention to changes in the catch-up factors of Serbian economy before and after the (formal) start of the transition in 1989, revealing the fundamental causes of lagging behind the advanced world level. The author’s calculations show that, because of a protracted transition exacerbated by crises and wars, Serbia’s economic catch-up with Austria will require a long time, even if it continues at the most favourable rate. At the same time, a more efficient economic policy, in addition to the attraction of foreign assets, may result in a more rapid catch-up. The main conclusion is that the catch-up process can be accelerated by increasingly investing in human capital, namely education and R&D.
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):49-64
New competitive conditions require new approaches in the field of organizational management and development of competitiveness. Management standards and best practices are the way to business excellence in the long run. Achieving competitive capabilities in a shorter period of time implies innovation and the improvement of knowledge productivity. Domestic companies have been facing the problems regarding the competitive ability at the international level for many years. Insufficient investment in quality has resulted in the extremely poor competitive position of the domestic economy. To make local companies more competitive at the international level, it is necessary to alter the ways of thinking and adopt modern world achievements in the field of organizational management and business practice.
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):65-87
The Analysis will use the mathematical models to evaluate the development of the business environment of CEE countries scientifically according to 51 set of index data, and will evaluate the development and level of the cooperation between China and 16 CEE countries based on 18 set of index data. Based on the results of the analysis, the Paper will establish a coordinate graph of the development of China-CEEC Cooperation. The indicator systems of the business environment of CEE countries (x-axis) and the bilateral cooperation of ChinaCEE countries (y-axis) visualize the development of the cooperation in last 5 years while assessing the dynamic relationship involved therein.
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):88-101
The concept of integrated border management is based on the police model of the border security system. The migrant crisis caused by armed conflicts in the Middle East has given this system a great challenge. Because of the increased degree of threats to international, national and human security, a need for including other security entities in the state border security system has come forth. By engaging military units at the borders with Macedonia and Bulgaria, Serbia returned to practice the slightly forgotten model of combined state border security system. In relation to this, the paper points out the results of this system’s entities’ cooperation in combating illegal migration, with the aim to prove the justifiability of applying the combined border security system to have the successful control over illegal migration’s security risks and threats.
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):102-117
Although parliaments in the European Union gain more and more power, the role played by them is still limited. Inter-parliamentary cooperation becomes the hot issue under the background of the discussion on the EU’s democratic deficit. Especially following the debt crisis, the demand for enhancing the inter-parliamentary cooperation is rising. The inter-parliamentary cooperation has made great progress and presents some development trends and characteristics. In terms of the impacts, the inter-parliamentary cooperation in the European Union mainly fulfills the functions of information exchange, best practice learning and position coordinating among participants. It is also useful for the candidate countries to learn and understand EU affairs. The interparliamentary cooperation in the European Union is beneficial to address the democratic deficit problem, but its development still faces some limitations. In order to reinforce the democratic legitimacy of the European Union, strengthening the inter-parliamentary cooperation and the role of parliaments in the European Union is not only a long-term task but also the future development trend. At present, the role played by inter-parliamentary cooperation is mainly within the internal policy domains of the European Union, but in the future inter-parliamentary cooperation may exert its impacts on EU’s external relations, including EU-China relations.
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):118-132
Justice is one of the core humanistic values and behavioral model in societal life. In the mythology of the ancient Roman civilization, Veritas refers to an ultimate moral ideal, whereas in Greek tradition fairness and equity essentially define Aequitas. Hence, political theory determining the inner interpretation of Veritas et Aequitas finds justice in truth as truth is just. While people are naturally inclined to justness, different cultures differently understand its internal norm of correctness and power of apprehending justice appears as either human-created or what came into being itself. However, what is potentially ambiguous is whether it belongs to all or only to some. The often conflicting interpretations of justice made the study unfold the notion through the basic features of its transitional, retributive and distributive inner, show what the Original Position evolved into, reveal (in)conformity between fundaments of liberty, individual and general, and point to exaggerating complexity in defining the core of the notion.
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):133-142
Since the end of the second world war, different legal arrangements have been made in the field of restitution of Jewish property in Europe. Whereas western Europe under the leadership of US, French and English occupying forces created many important legal arrangements for the restitution, the central and eastern European Block has remained isolated also in this legal field, mainly due to the leading legal communist doctrine of lack of private property regime and constitutional protection of this right. This article deals both with the history of restitution legislation, and moves on to current legal legislation in this field, focusing on the latest legislation in Serbia in regard to restitution of Jewish Property. It relates, under all to the holistic approach, meaning a solution both to Jewish restitution property claims under the general Serbian legislation, Jewish communal but mainly and answer to the issue of Heirless Jewish property in Serbia. This specific part of the legislation, might also have in the future important effect on the re building of the bridges of friendship and partnership between the Republic of Serbia, the Jewish people and the state of Israel. The article closes with some international relations comments as to the potential effects of this specific legislation.
THE CURRENT STATE OF THE DIALOGUE BETWEEN BELGRADE AND PRIŠTINA
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):143-153
DEAD AID: WHY AID IS NOT WORKING AND HOW THERE IS ANOTHER WAY FOR AFRICA
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1166-1167):155-158