The Review of International Affairs (RIA) Journal Archive
The Review of International Affairs (RIA) Vol. 68 No. 1165/2017
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1165):5-28
During a period of thirty years, China has grown from one of the poorest and most isolated economies in the world into a modern and highly internationally integrated economy. In the period between 1978 and 2014, China’s annual GDP growth was on average 9.8%. Throughout the process of reform and opening up, the internationalization of business has been an irreplaceable element. The central place within the new paradigm of economic development promoted by the current Chinese leadership is reserved to the concept of creating a moderately prosperous society (xiaokang) and achieving the Chinese dream, maxim created by president Xi Jinping. Special attention is given to developing the country’s image, its products and brands. Instead of relying only on exports, successful Chinese enterprises are now encouraged to come out to a greater extent to the world markets, including financial markets, through engagements in the higher forms of business cooperation. China also becomes a large foreign investor and the leading US foreign creditor. The strategy of internationalization received several new important segments – the internationalization of the RMB and the financial markets, the internationalization of Chinese enterprises, outbound investments, etc. This research paper, therefore, focuses on the ways the internationalization of leading Chinese companies were promoted. In this regard, particularly interesting is the case of a producer of home appliances – Haier. This company, following the path of China’s economic reforms, in a short period grew into a world’s leading home appliances manufacturer.
THE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CONCEPTS ON THE MARKET OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1165):29-46
In this paper, the authors are analysing the effects of implementation of corporate social responsibility (CSR) concepts so far, both in the Republic of Serbia and in other countries of Central Europe. The companies in Central Europe are mostly familiar with the term corporate social responsibility, but the application of tools and methods is different. Due to the comprehensive notion of corporate social responsibility, the companies usually undertake philanthropic and voluntary activities, thus dealing with certain social problems. However, the concept of corporate social responsibility itself encompasses much broader aspects, such as: environmental protection, the care for employee satisfaction, the application of international standards and so on. Domestic managers are trying to keep up with the trend of corporate social responsibility implementation, but unfortunately, they still do not understand fully the scope of this concept, as well as its application for the development of the company’s competitiveness.
VLADIMIR PUTIN AND ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF LEADERS IN THE FORMATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE POLICY IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA – REVIEWS AND CRITICS OF PUTIN’S REGIME
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1165):47-64
After the collapse of the Soviet state, during the last decades of the 21st century, Russia found itself in the system crisis in cataclysmic measures that threatened to disintegrate this once powerful state. Political and economic power was significantly displaced outside the institutions of the system in the hands of oligarchs and regional governors, which threaten to disintegrate the federal system and problems in the economic, social, demographic and military sphere shook the foundations of the Russian state. On the international stage, Russia’s influence was marginalized. All the elements of its hard and soft power were reduced. Russia has lost the attributes of a superpower and the leader of the former socialist camp was reduced to the level of a regional power. With the arrival of Vladimir Putin as the President of the RF in 2000 began a new phase in the development of post-Soviet Russia. Initiated extensive internal political, economic and social reforms, as well as changes in foreign and security policy, resulted in a gradual recovery and consolidation of the Russian state and society. An essential feature of political life in Russia is the personalization of the power and the institution of the President of the RF, which largely depends on the personality of the president and his inner circle. This distinction is rooted in the political tradition and culture, and the imperial legacy. Some Western authors state that the tradition of the autocratic rule is in the heart of Russian political culture, while Russian authors believe that a strong central government, embodied in the institution of the head of state in modern Russia is a necessity in the initial phase of democratization and social transition. From the beginning, Putin has sought to pour “people from their inner circle” “into all levels of government and spheres that generate social and political power.” This profiled the structure of Putin’s regime, which is a very active process of permanent change of position, role and importance of individual personalities, as well as their “migration” from one sphere of government to another. In the process, the overall fluctuations of high-ranking politicians, divided into clans and influential groups (the so-called siloviki, technocrats and liberals), Putin is the “headquarters” of the entire regime. Estimates of the regime of Russian President V. Putin, his personality, as well as a trail that is left in modern history, are more polarized and controversial than estimates of many other figures of Russia, and even global politics. However, the importance that Putin has for Russia and its position and role in the XXI century is undeniable, as well as his controversial planetary authority, or his global popularity. Putin is one of the most influential politicians in the world and the authors’ opinions of him are so divided, conflicting, contradictory and “ideologically colored” that any attempt of his generalization represents an endeavor foredoomed to failure. The amplitude of reactions is ranging from awe and glorification, to protest and scorn. It is undisputed that he is a charismatic, pragmatic and capable statesman. It is also an indisputable fact that the implementation of his policy has the outright support of the Russian people. Critics of Putin’s regime as its main characteristic state the rigidity of the government, inflexibility, lack of transparency, bureaucratic domination of political and economic elites, instability in the sense of being based on the personality of the President and not on the balance of institutions.
COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY INTEGRATION PROCESS THROUGH THE LENS OF SERBIA AND TURKEY NEGOTIATION
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1165):65-80
The Common Security and Defence Policy of the European Union (EU CSDP) integration is the unique type of defence integration at the supranational level. As a major part of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (EU CFSP), the range of the EU CSDP is not strictly limited to its member states, but is open to the candidate countries as well. This paper aims to inspect to what extent the general integration process with the European Union correlates with the CFSP/CSDP one. The integration process will be inspected through two main variables: alignment record with the EU`s CSFP/CSDP decisions and the participation in the EU CSDP missions and operations, as the most notable and visible element of the CSDP. For the study cases, Turkey and Serbia as candidate countries have been chosen. Authors have used the European Commission`s annual Progress Reports for the two countries for the last 10 years (2016 inclusive), in order to determine the quality and level of integration in the EU CFSP/CSDP field. The results indicate that even though Serbia has gone further in the general EU accession process and acquis communautaire harmonization, Turkey is more integrated into the EU CSDP elements.
THE IMPORTANCE OF ESTABLISHING INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN DETECTING AND PROVING CYBERCRIME CRIMINAL OFFENSES
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1165):81-96
Much after the appearance of first computers, can we talk about the first misuses of it, and consequently about cybercrime, too. This is logical because the computers were initially available to a very small number of people and therefore the number of those who committed misuses as well as those who could be victims was much lower. For high-tech crime, we can say that it is a more recent phenomenon, which experienced its complete “affirmation” after the IT revolution. As this type of crime is characterized by expanded area of criminal activity that does not require the presence of the perpetrator on the place of the offense, the specific time dimension which is reflected in a very short period of time that is required for the execution of this crime, as well as great phenomenological dimensions – it is clear that detecting and proving these offenses is extremely difficult and challenging. If we add the transnational character, then it is clear that these are crimes that are difficult to detect and even harder to prove. Therefore, in this paper, the authors will address the importance and necessity of establishing international cooperation in detecting and proving these crimes, the exchange of information and evidence. Because cybercrime is a global problem certain international organisations must be included in its suppression. Computer data are very sensitive and can easily be deleted or changed, and that reduces the chances of detecting and proving criminal offenses, so the establishment of international cooperation is set as a necessary condition for a successful fight against this form of crime.
CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC AND LEGAL ORDER
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1165):97-100
DANUBE AND THE NEW SILK ROAD
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1165):101-103
MIGRATION ON THE CENTRAL MEDITERRANEAN ROUTE MANAGING FLOWS, SAVING LIVES
The Review of International Affairs (RIA), 2017 68(1165):105-127